Endemic 04

Updating the IBAs’ (Important Bird Areas) and Identification of KBAs’ (Key Biodiversity Areas) Project


Eco Team is partnering up with the Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka and the Department of Zoology of University of Colombo to launch the project titled ‘Updating the IBAs’ (Important Bird Areas) and Identification of KBAs’ (Key Biodiversity Areas).

An Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) is an area identified using an internationally agreed set of criteria as being globally important for the conservation of bird populations. IBA was developed and sites are identified by Birdlife International. Currently there are over 12,000 IBAs’ worldwide. These sites are small enough to be entirely conserved and differ in their character, habitat or ornithological importance from the surrounding habitat.

The Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) approach helps to identify and designate areas of international importance in terms of biodiversity conservation using globally standardized criteria. KBAs’ extend the Important Bird Area (IBA) concept to other taxonomic groups and are now being identified in many parts of the world by a range of organizations. The determination of KBAs’ often brings sites onto the conservation agenda that hadn't previously been identified as needing protection due to the nature of the two non-exclusive criteria used to determine them: vulnerability and irreplaceability.

It has been 15 years since the IBAs’ were identified for Sri Lanka and changes in landscape and impacts of local land-use patterns in the surrounding vegetation could have had an impact on the bird fauna of the IBAs’. The land availability of some areas is also in question.

The application of the KBA criteria to the available habitats has not been undertaken in Sri Lanka as yet. Accordingly, FOGSL along with University of Colombo proposed to initiate this exercise through a literature compilation process in reference to the National Red Listing exercise.


  • Undertake a review of the existing IBAs’ to update their standards against the existing maps, information and publications
  • Detailed field identification based on Biodiversity Baseline Surveys will be extensive, time consuming and expensive. So the approach is to FIRST identify KBAs’ based on available published data and subsequently for those that become recognized as data deficient to undertake field surveys to fill the void

The two objectives will be finalized with the following outputs:

  • Updating of the IBAs’ in Sri Lanka
  • The identification of KBAs’ in Sri Lanka

The use of GIS technology and some limited site visits are envisaged. The product will be ready for publication when completed.

Target Period: ONE Year

Budget: The proposed budget for the upgrading of IBAs’ and identification of KBAs’



Expenditure (USD)


Research Assistant (01) @ USD 195 per month *12



Technical Assistant (01) @ USD 95 per month *12



Travel Allocation (12 Months)



Stationary, GIS, Printing, etc.





Total Estimated Expenditure





contact us

© 2018 Sri Lanka Wilderness Foundation. All Rights Reserved.


  • About Us
  • Volunteering
  • Carbon Footprint
  • Donations